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Given a binary search tree (BST) with duplicates, find all the mode(s) (the most frequently occurred element) in the given BST.
Assume a BST is defined as follows:
- The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than or equal to the node's key.
- The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than or equal to the node's key.
- Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
1 \ 2 / 2
Note: If a tree has more than one mode, you can return them in any order.
Follow up: Could you do that without using any extra space? (Assume that the implicit stack space incurred due to recursion does not count).